Cranes are the mighty and the sometimes risky machines commonly used for lifting heavy objects. Cranes are found at construction sites, container yards, etc. It is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that all safety measures are deployed for the safe use of a crane. If you would like to know more about crane safety, then you can read this article. Most of the accidents are easily avoidable by implementing appropriate safety measures. There are many types of cranes available in the market. You may read the full review here to know the different types of cranes.
Training Is Vital
Crane operators should undergo proper training before using the crane. Training is essential for safe operation. Training helps to assess various risks involved. It is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that their crane operators have undergone complete training.
Planning And Execution
Planning is essential for a safe and efficient operation. Before lifting the objects with the crane, the operator should plan and chart out an effective plan. This is because planning helps to assess the possible risks. The operator should have adequate training and theoretical knowledge about crane operation.
A supervisor should supervise the crane lifting operation as it is impossible for a crane operator to carry out all the tasks. A supervisor can foresee or identify the potential risks, which are not visible to the crane operator during the process. An experienced supervisor can order the operator to stop the operation if anything goes wrong.
It is essential to carry out a thorough inspection before the crane lifting process. Examination helps to see any unusual activity on the construction site. During the inspection, the cables should be checked for abnormalities and cracks and should be fixed duly.
Only the authorized personnel should operate the crane under any circumstances. The authorized personnel should have taken part in the all the inspection activity. Employing signal workers is a great way to ensure safety in the work site. Signal workers can tell the operators, whether the area is clean and raise the flag in case of any danger.
Cranes are designed to only a certain amount of weight. It is not acceptable to lift weights beyond the recommended capacity. Many fatal accidents have happened due to lifting weights more than the permissible level. It is a must for the operators to read the load chart and work accordingly.
Cranes are often deployed in the area where the surface level is not even. It is essential to make the surface level even before beginning the crane operation. Such uneven surfaces can affect the balance during the lifting process, thereby resulting in the toppling of the machine.
Some of the different types of cranes commonly used are truck-mounted, marine, hook lifts and mini cranes. It is a must for the employer to use the right kind of crane based on the lifting requirements and type of site. There are many different varieties of cranes, choosing the right type based on the specific requirements will enhance the safety of all those involved.